Uniuersalior cogniti orbis tabula ex recentibus confecta obseruationi

Author: Ruysch, Johannes
Publisher: Vitalibus, Bernardinus Venetus de
Date: 1507
Location: World

Dimensions: 41.0 x 54.0 cm.
Scale: Scale not given


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Published in Claudius Ptolemy's ''Geographia'' (Rome, 1507)

In 1507, the same year that Martin Waldseemüller issued three works announcing the existence of a new continent which he named America, Johannes Ruysch published a totally different world map. This rendition, which supports Columbus' hypothesis that his discoveries were islands off the coast of the Asian mainland, suggests the difficulty European cartographers were having in trying to understand accounts of the exploration of New World discoveries.

On this map, Greenland (Gruenlant) and Newfoundland (Terra Nova), reflecting John Cabot's discoveries as well as English and Portuguese fishing interests in the area, are attached to the Asian mainland. Hispaniola (Spagnola) and the other Caribbean islands, based on Columbus' and later Spanish discoveries, are depicted as islands near the Asian mainland while the northern coast of South America is depicted as an amorphous landmass floating in the middle of the ocean. Ruysch applied the name Mundus Novus to these new lands.

Ruysch, a native of Antwerp who lived in Germany, was a skilled cartographer. His map was included in the Rome edition of Ptolemy's ''Geographia'' published in 1507. It was the first edition of ''Geographia'' to include a world map incorporating the New World discoveries. The map apparently relied heavily on Portuguese sources, since it was also the first map to accurately portray the Portuguese discoveries in southern Asia. It modified the shapes of India and Ceylon as they appeared on earlier Ptolemaic maps.

The physical item is not available at the Boston Public Library.

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