Carte de la Nouuelle France, augmentee depuis la derniere, seruant a la navigation faicte en son vray Meridien

Author: Champlain, Samuel de
Date: 1632
Location: Canada, Eastern, Great Lakes Region (North America), New France, North America

Dimensions: 57.0 x 87.0 cm.
Scale: Scale not given


France's territorial claims in North America, which initially focused on the St. Lawrence River Valley and the Great Lakes, can be traced to Samuel de Champlain's explorations and trading activities in that region from 1603 to 1629. This rare map, the last of several prepared by Champlain, accompanied his most complete publication describing his explorations in New France (Canada) up to 1629 when he surrendered to stronger British forces.

While French interests in colonizing North America were not as well supported as British efforts to the south in the Chesapeake and New England regions, Champlain was successful in establishing a small settlement at Quebec. This map is the first to depict the existence of the entire Great Lakes network -- Lac St. Louis (Lake Ontario), a rudimentary lake north of "La nation neutre" (Lake Erie), Mer douce (Lake Huron), Grand Lac (Lake Superior), and an unnamed lake to the northeast (Lake Michigan). Champlain also recorded the names and locations of numerous Native American tribes, many of whom became France's allies and trading partners in the lucrative fur trade that developed in the 17th and 18th centuries.

The physical item is not available at the Boston Public Library.

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