The City of Worcester, Mass.

Author: Bailey, O. H. (Oakley Hoopes) & J.C. Hazen
Publisher: Bailey, O. H. & J.C. Hazen
Date: 1878
Location: Worcester (Mass.)

Dimensions: 66.0 x 86.0 cm.
Scale: Not drawn to scale
Call Number: G3764.W9A3 1878 .B3


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Worcester, the state's third largest city in1880, is viewed from the south in this Bailey and Hazen view. The artists use a vantage point that is slightly southeast of the city. The high elevation at this location is depicted at the bottom center of the drawing Mount St. James (Pakachoag Hill) on which stands Holy Cross College, the oldest Catholic college in New England.

Using this orientation, the artists place the central business district in the center portion of the drawing. Three rail lines are shown coming from the south, converging in the center foreground, and then continuing in a diagonal line across the center of the drawing. At least six factories are also identified in this foreground area near the Blackstone River and the juncture of the rail lines.

Worcester had a diversified industrial base, as evidenced by the thirty factories listed in the legend. Some of the major industries produced wire, envelopes, and looms, while other products included clothing, boiler works, machine works, needles, fire arms, leather belting, spool cotton, marble works, organs, carpet, bleach and dye, and lasts. Similar to other bird's eye views published by Howard H. Bailey and Hazen, this one identifies no churches, although public buildings and colleges are listed.

The Washburn and Moen industrial complex is given prominence. This industry, labeled A in the legend, manufactured various types of wire, such as piano and barbed wire. Two prominent streets Main and Summer Streets converge near the factory, drawing further attention to its location on the center horizon.

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